James Paul, PhD, executive director of Global Policy Forum in New York City, said that his tendency is not to emphasize hospital-based medicine, but rather to look at public health. Preventing disease rather than curing people who are already sick offers the most effective approach.
Globalisation: what is it and how does it affect health? | The Medical Journal of Australia
Noncommunicable diseases resulting from unhealthy lifestyles are now in places in the world where they were either unheard of or rare just 50 years ago. Obesity, hypertension and type 2 diabetes are an enormous health problem today, and the incidences are increasing in developing nations. Maji Ezzati, PhD, assistant professor of international health at the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, found that obesity is increasingly becoming an issue in low-income countries.
Half of child and maternal deaths in the world are a direct result of malnutrition, which leaves these people susceptible to infectious diseases and several other health problems, he wrote. Fortunately, due to improved agricultural techniques and productivity combined with increased trade, if there is a crop failure in one part of the world, it does not necessarily mean death and famine for those people involved.
According to Paul, global food production has gone up dramatically during the past 50 years. Genetically modified food production, for example, can produce more food, but there are some negative aspects to it as well. The methodology for producing those crops, such as the use of pesticides, can have a harmful environmental side effect, Paul said.
It also requires a different organization of agriculture, which drives people off the land and into the cities. Another aspect of agriculture on the global market that Lister noted is the inequality in favor of northern countries. It is not globalization that is bad as such, but how we implement it. You have to do it fairly and with a bit of heart. Another dilemma that seriously affects people in developing countries, as well as poorer communities in the industrialized nations, is a lack of health professionals. If you are a doctor in a developing country, then you have a global commodity called health expertise, Lister said.
Lister believes that if we are going to have a global world, then people who have these needed skills should be paid appropriately. There are numerous organizations, both governmental and private, that are working together to provide assistance to needy people around the world. For example, the multilateral trade agreement called the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement enables drugs to be produced much more cheaply. Pharmaceutical companies have donated medications to combat various diseases around the globe. Since the s, the WHO has been an international leader in disease prevention and eradication.
Telemedicine technologies enable doctors in one part of the world to make a diagnosis and implement treatment in other parts of the world. Feachem wrote that there is an alternative to globalization and it is not appealing.
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If the tide of globalization were to be turned back, he wrote, national boundaries would likely be erected that would inhibit the flow of ideas, technology and money. There are no widespread examples, but he mentioned some ominous local examples. Tell us what you think about Healio. Login Register My Saved. Experts discuss some of the progress and setbacks of globalization.
Globalization and Health
Orthopedics Today, September Rachel Kelley. Please provide your email address to receive an email when new articles are posted on this topic. Receive an email when new articles are posted on this topic. You have already added this topic to your email alerts. Click here to manage your alerts.
Economics and trade According to Richard Feachem, PhD, DSc, author of Globalization is Good for Your Health , globalization has had an overall positive impact on health, especially for people in developing nations. Information technology The explosion of information technology in the past 20 years has had a tremendous impact on some of the poorest and most remote areas around the world. Infectious diseases One of the negative sides of globalization is the increase in emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases.
Yet Martin believes that the world is going to see more and more of this type of epidemic. Working together There are numerous organizations, both governmental and private, that are working together to provide assistance to needy people around the world. PLOS Medicine. Feachem R. Globalisation is Good for Your Health. Papers by Dr. Globalization and Health. Available at: www. Accessed May 22, World Health Organization. Every run of a course has a set start date but you can join it and work through it after it starts.
Find out more. This course has been designed for all those interested in global health policies and interventions, whether from a healthcare background or otherwise. I have a background in medicine, medical anthropology, global health and international development, with a PhD from LSE. Richard Alderslade is a public health doctor from the UK who has worked extensively internationally in both the humanitarian and development fields.
He now teaches global health in London and New York. I have studied medicine, philosophy and medical education.
What is global health? Key concepts in global health governance The current state of health and well-being in the world today The social determinants of health Theories of globalization Case studies of globalization Understanding health inequities Responses to contemporary global health case studies.
By the end of the course, you'll be able to Explain the ecological definition of health and all of its determinants. Evaluate the human right to health as reflected in international instruments. Explain the differences in health and healthcare around the world.